Reply to Recommendation No. 9683 of the Fourth Session of the 13th National People's Congress
We have received your suggestions on promoting the technological innovation, promotion and application of biological pesticides. In business with the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance, we hereby reply as follows.
Regarding the inclusion of biological pesticides in the "14th Five-Year Plan" for the development of the national pesticide industry
The development of biological pesticides is of great significance to optimize the structure of pesticide varieties, promote the green and high-quality development of the pesticide industry, and ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products and ecological environment. The Ministry attaches great importance to the development of bio-pesticides and takes a series of measures to strengthen the research and development of bio-pesticides, accelerate the registration and promotion of products, and promote the rapid development of bio-pesticides. In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture will scientifically prepare the "14th Five-Year Plan" pesticide industry development plan, incorporate bio-derived pesticides into the development focus of the pesticide industry, give priority to and focus on the development of industrial layout, structural adjustment, green production, scientific and technological innovation, etc., promote the concentration of production factors to bio-derived pesticides, optimize and strengthen the bio-derived pesticide industry, and promote the transformation, upgrading and sustainable and healthy development of the pesticide industry.
On increasing policy support and special fund support for biological pesticides
In recent years, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and other departments have formulated and implemented a series of policies and measures to support the development of biological pesticides.
First, priority should be given to the use of biological pesticides under the rule of specialized unified control. We will make full use of the central disaster relief fund for the control of major diseases and insect pests, agricultural machinery purchase subsidies and other policies to support the professional service organizations of plant protection to give priority to the procurement of bio-based pesticides, carry out the control services for the control of major diseases and insect pests, and gradually increase the proportion of bio-based pesticides used. According to statistics, the coverage rate of specialized unified prevention and control of the three major grain crops will reach 41.9% in 2020, 8.9 percentage points higher than that in 2015.
Second, promote the use of biological pesticides in fruit, vegetable and tea. In the advantageous production areas of fruit and vegetable tea, carry out the demonstration of green prevention and control throughout the whole process of fruit and vegetable tea, and vigorously promote the green prevention and control technology model focusing on biological pesticides. According to statistics, the green prevention and control coverage rate of major crops in China will reach 41.5% in 2020, 18.5 percentage points higher than that in 2015.
The third is to subsidize farmers to use biological pesticides. In the past few years, the Ministry of Agriculture has arranged special funds to carry out the demonstration of high efficiency and low toxicity chemical pesticides and biological pesticides in the main production areas of horticultural crops such as vegetables, fruit trees and tea, and explore the subsidy model and promotion mechanism. On this basis, combined with the implementation of projects such as the central disaster relief fund for the control of major diseases and pests, we will support professional service organizations for plant protection and farmers to use biological pesticides.
Fourth, improve the registration policy of biological pesticides. Our department has separately formulated the requirements for the registration data of microbial pesticides, botanical pesticides and other biological pesticides. Under the premise of ensuring safety and effectiveness, according to the characteristics of different types of biological pesticides, we will reduce the test content, shorten the test period, and encourage enterprises to develop and register efficient and low-risk biological pesticides. In 2020, the Ministry implemented the green channel management measures for pesticide registration and approval, including biological pesticides in the green channel for pesticide registration and approval, giving priority to technical review for products that meet the requirements, and accelerating the pace of registration.
Fifth, encourage the innovative research and development of biological pesticide enterprises. In order to encourage enterprises' technological innovation and scientific research and development, the state has issued a series of preferential tax policies, such as 75% of the enterprise's R&D expenses, of which the proportion of manufacturing enterprises' additional deduction is 100%; The enterprise income tax shall be levied at a reduced rate of 15% for the identified high-tech enterprises; The loss carry-over period of high-tech enterprises and technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises was extended from 5 years to 10 years; The income from technology transfer of enterprises shall be tax-free for less than 5 million yuan, and the enterprise income tax shall be halved for more than 5 million yuan; Enterprises are allowed to deduct the newly purchased equipment and appliances with a unit value of no more than 5 million yuan at one time before tax. Qualified leading enterprises of biological pesticides can enjoy the above preferential tax policies according to regulations.
In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture, together with the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance, will actively study the relevant support policies for bio-derived pesticides, continue to increase the support for bio-derived pesticide technology research and development, product registration, demonstration and promotion, support the priority application of bio-derived pesticides in fruit and vegetable tea and other advantageous production areas, and the disease and pest control service organization, so as to drive the farmers to apply bio-derived pesticides on a large scale, and promote the improvement of the quality and safety level of agricultural products Green development of agriculture.
On doing a good job of demonstration, guidance, supervision and inspection
This year, the central government increased its support and allocated 2.5 billion yuan to more than 300 counties in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) to carry out green, high-quality and efficient actions, taking biological pesticides as one of the main promotion technologies, and integrating and promoting standardized technology models, so as to promote production and efficiency in a large area. At the same time, our department attaches great importance to the management of high toxic and high risk pesticides. In recent years, we have taken measures to prohibit the use of 46 kinds of high toxic and high risk pesticides, and implemented measures to restrict the use of 20 kinds of high toxic and high risk pesticides. For the existing high toxic and high risk pesticides, we have taken measures such as fixed-point operation, real-name purchase, purchase and sales account, and traceability management to accelerate the elimination of high toxic pesticides and promote the promotion and application of biological pesticides.
In the next step, the Ministry will continue to carry out green, high-quality and efficient actions, increase the demonstration and promotion of bio-pesticides and other major technologies, continue to expand the application area of bio-pesticides, promote green planting, and lay a solid foundation for the green development of agriculture. According to the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, actively and steadily promote the elimination of highly toxic and high-risk pesticides, and phase out the existing 10 highly toxic pesticides by the end of 2024.
Thank you for your concern about our work and hope to continue to support the work of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.
Contact unit and telephone: Department of Planting Management, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 010-59192847
Ministry of agriculture and rural affairs
July 23, 2021
(Source: official website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs)